Brief On Ghana


It’s an expression you will hear several times daily as you travel around Ghana, one that will ring in your ears at night, and bring a smile to your face for weeks after you leave. Welcome to a haven that combines the charms of a tropical beach idyll with a fascinating historical heritage, rich cultural variety, and some interesting wildlife in the national parks.

  • Punctuality in Ghanaian business culture is now seen as a main priority. The concept of time in Ghana is gradually being looked at in a more serious way. Hitherto it was looked at in a relaxed and flexible way, especially in the attendance of an event.
  • Although Ghanaians have a flexible approach to time, it is necessary to make appointments before doing business in Ghana. These should be scheduled in advance.
  • Typical working hours are generally from 8am to 5pm from Monday to Friday with an hour taken for lunch. Stores tend to be open on Saturday too.
  • Hierarchy is an important concept in Ghanaian culture. Respect is shown to those with wealth, age, experience and position.
  • When visiting Ghana, show respect to older people. ‘Auntie’ and ‘Uncle’ are used by a younger person to refer to an older person in a respectful manner. Always ask your Ghanaian business partners for advice about how to refer to people so as to not cause offense. They will appreciate the interest you show in their culture.
  • In Ghanaian business culture, decision-making power typically lies with the most senior person in the company. The most senior person is expected to make decisions but often group consensus must be achieved first.
  • Ghanaians spend time getting to know their business partners so be sure to allow time for relationship building with your counterparts in Ghana.
  • Silence is a common way of responding to a question that can't be answered without causing discomfort or causing a loss of face. Don’t try to fill the silence.


Make the most of Accra; see a large collection of Ghanaian art in the National Museum and Independence Square, dominated by the Independence Arch and the Memorial of the Unknown Soldier. The Kwame Nkrumah Mausoleum, which houses the remains of Ghana’s First President, is a favored destination of many tourists in Ghana.


Visas are required by most non-residents except ECOWAS nationals. Ghana Missions and Embassies abroad will assist in issuing individual as well as group visas.


Yellow fever vaccination required by all exept infants under one year.Please do not forget to bring your health Certificate which shows that you have a yellow fever vaccination. You are also advised to consult your doctor well in advance of your visit so that you may begin the usual anti-malaria treatment.


Ghana is relatively stable and peaceful. Night life is as peaceful as the day life. There is no threat to human life or property.


Ghana’s currency is the cedi, which comes in denominations of GHC 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1. Coins come in denominations of 1 GHC and also 50p, 20p, 10p, 5p & 1 pesewas. Foreign currency can be freely exchanged at any Forex Bureaux in the country. Apart from Forex Bureaux, some commercial banks also exchange foreign currency. Banks are normally open from 8:30 am to 4:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. Some banks also operate on Saturdays from 09:00 – 14:00 GMT . Most large commercial banks will also have automatic teller machines located outside and available during and after hours. Most will take VISA and a few other check cards.


Most cities and towns have facilities for nightlife such as cultural centres to theatres, cinema houses, discotheques, pubs, street cafes and casinos. Consult your hotel reception for what is on and where to go.


Greeting is an important social function that marks an open heart and mind. It also expresses one’s concern for the other. Refusing or failing to greet another person may indicate that you do not care for the other’s welfare.

Do not forget that the smile is also a form of greeting. Please make an effort to pick up some of our simple vernacular greeting forms and win our hearts over.

A handshake is a popular way of greeting in Ghana, especially among males. When you shake hands, please apply the same hand pressure as is offered. When you are shaking hands with a number of people, start from the extreme right and proceed towards the left.


Although most people travel to the airport in their private cars, taxis and hiring cars are available at the airport for travellers’ convenience.


Attend a Ghanaian festival and enjoy drumming, dancing and feasting. Each region has its own annual festivals for the affirmation of tribal values, the remembrance of ancestors and past leaders, and the purification of the state in preparation for another year.

There are many festivals all across the country celebrated all year through. Be part of the colourful Homowo Festival of the Ga State in August, or the Aboakyire (Deer Hunt Festival) of the people of Winneba in May. There is also the Akwasidae celebrated by the people of Ashanti every 42 days as well as the Hogbetsotso Festival of the Anglo people in November. You can also be part of the Fire Festival, celebrated in October of every year by the Dagomba people of Northern Ghana.